2013 MIT Innovations in Health Care

The continuing rise of health care costs in the U.S. (almost 20% of GDP), with as much as 30% considered wasteful spending, threatens the future financial stability of the U.S. Furthermore, the implementation of the recent Affordable Care Act in the U.S. presents major challenges to the healthcare industry and requires a fundamental transformation of the traditional healthcare delivery models and health systems—systems that include complex organizations often driven by contradictory incentives. Healthcare delivery systems will have to shift their focus from merely providing care to ill patients, to proactively managing the health of populations and communities. The need to serve many new, currently underserved communities of patients, will add a tremendous load to the healthcare delivery systems, which are already heavily utilized. This calls for nothing less than a fundamental change in the health cost-effectiveness equation, and the design of new models of care and health management that will deeply engage patients in different ways and in different locations. These models are likely to require transformational organizational changes, process changes, as well as the extensive use of analytics, IT and other technologies. These changes will have an impact on patients, employers, and health care payers and providers.

The conference will facilitate a series of discussions about state-of-the-art processes, organizational transitions, analytics, and technology innovation within the health industry and academia, regarding transformational care delivery and health management models. It will feature industry leaders, as well as MIT faculty and students who are actively engaged in research and innovation activities within this important area.

 

Featured Videos

12.4.2013

1 hr 30 mins
ILP Video

Panel: Managing Organizational Changes in Health Care Systems (Panel Chairs: Professors Kate Kellogg and Tom Kochan)

Katherine Kellogg
Associate Professor
MIT Sloan School of Management
Thomas Kochan
Professor of Engineering Systems
MIT Sloan School of Management
There is growing consensus that serving the new populations of patients covered under the Affordable Care Act will require reliance on community and home care and staffing models that mix teams of nurses, social workers, physicians, community navigators and other professionals. This will require fundamental transformations in organizational structures, cultures, practices and staffing patterns in many existing health care providers that seek to serve these populations. At the same time, a number of organizations, large and small, are already delivering care in these new ways with delivery models and staffing configurations tailored to the needs of these populations. This panel will bring together leaders of health care providers working to transform their organizations and staffing mix to provide community and home based care with organizations specifically designed for this purpose. Panelists will share lessons learned to date in serving these patient populations.

Moderator:
Kate Kellogg, Associate Professor, MIT Sloan School of Management

Speaker:
Thomas Kochan, Geo Maverick Bunker Professor of Management, MIT Sloan School of Management

Panelists:
John August, Executive Director (ret.) Coalition of Kaiser Permanente Unions and Associate Director, Health Care Transformation Project, Cornell University.
Carla Bettano,Vice President for Strategic Partnerships, Neighborhood Health Plan
Rushika Fernandopulle, MD, CEO, Iora Health Care
Robert Schreiner, MD, Executive Medical Director and Chairman of the Board, Southeast Permanente Medical Group, Kaiser Permanente

12.4.2013
1 hr 33 mins
ILP Video

Panel: Health Care Analytics in Action (Panel Chairs: Professors Joe Doyle and Dimitris Bertsimas)

Dimitris Bertsimas
Boeing Leaders for Global Operations Professor of Management
Co-Director, Operations Research Center (ORC)
Joseph Doyle
Erwin H Schell Professor of Management
MIT Sloan School of Management
This panel considers the current opportunities and challenges in using large data sets to improve the delivery of health care: improving patient health and provider efficiency. This includes clinical data collected by providers, claims data collected by payers, and self-monitoring data collected by individuals and monitored by providers.

Moderator:
Steve Sofoul, Cofounder & President, Benefits Science

Speakers:
Dimitris Bertsimas, Boeing Leaders for Manufacturing Professor of Management, MIT
Amy Finkelstein, Ford Professor of Economics, MIT

Panelists:
William Crown, MD, Chief Scientific Officer, Optum Labs.
Joe Doyle, Erwin H. Schell Professor of Management, Professor of Applied Economics, MIT Sloan School of Management
Amy Finkelstein, Ford Professor of Economics, MIT
Anna McCollister-Slipp, Co-Founder, Galileo Analytics
Corbin Petro, COO, Office of Medicaid Massachusetts Executive Office of Health and Human Services
Charlie Schick, Ph.D, Director, Big Data Solutions, Healthcare and Life Sciences, IBM

12.4.2013
31 mins
ILP Video

Keynote Speaker – Jeffrey Brenner

Jeffrey Brenner
Executive Director and Co-Founder
Camden Coalition of Healthcare Providers

12.3.2013
28 mins
ILP Video

Accelerating Systems Thinking in Health Systems via Collaboration with Academia

Retsef Levi
J Spencer Standish (1945) Professor of Management
Professor of Operations Management
MIT Sloan School of Management

12.3.2013
1 hr 31 mins
ILP Video

Panel: Accelerating Innovation within Accountable Care Organizations (Panel Chairs: Professors Retsef Levi and Joseph Doyle)

Kenneth Paulus, President and CEO of Allina Health
Roy Smythe, MD, Chief Medical Officer, AVIA
David Torchiana, MD, Chairman and CEO Massachusetts General Hospital’s Physicians Organization
The Affordable Care Act has created a series of imperatives for healthcare delivery systems to identify and adopt innovative approaches for improving the quality of care delivered to Americans, while providing such care in a more efficient and cost effective manner. Moreover, they face the enormous challenge, shaped by health reform, to transform from healthcare delivery systems to health delivery systems that proactively manage the health of large patient populations. While still an evolving concept, Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) will play a key role in the emerging design of contemporary health delivery systems in the US. The on-the-ground implementation of ACOs will require potentially transformative innovation on multiple levels (organizational, operational, clinical, IT and analytics and financial to name a few).

This panel will discuss some of the major innovation domains necessary for the success of ACOs to address these challenges, with focus on the potentially critical advantages that can accrue from collaboration with academia outside of medicine and traditional academic medical centers. Such collaboration can accelerate the transformation of our healthcare delivery system into the kind of high quality and cost-effective health delivery systems that are envisioned by health reform.

Moderator:
Jay Levine, Principal, ECG Management Consultants

Panelists:
Kenneth Paulus, President and CEO of Allina Health
Roy Smythe, MD, Chief Medical Officer, AVIA
David Torchiana, MD, Chairman and CEO Massachusetts General Hospital’s Physicians Organization

12.3.2013
22 mins
ILP Video

Keynote Speaker – Robert Master

Robert J. Master
Chief Executive Officer
Commonwealth Care Alliance

12.3.2013
1 hr 37 mins
ILP Video

Panel: Doing More with Less: Global Health Lessons from the Front Lines of Care Delivery (Panel Chair: Anjali Sastry)

Anjali Sastry
Senior Lecturer in Systems Dynamics
MIT Sloan School of Management
Modern medicine could reduce disease greatly, yet fails to reach millions. To explore how innovations in management help address the constraints, we’ll consider several different approaches to delivering healthcare in low-resource settings. All address the core challenge of adherence to treatment, taking a larger view of healthcare that encompasses some of the supports thought to enable patients to initiate and maintain treatment for common conditions. We’ll link the discussion to the US, drawing contrasts and parallels across settings to see if innovations in care delivery could flow both ways.

Moderator:
Anjali Sastry, Senior Lecturer in Systems Dynamics, MIT Sloan School of Management

Panelists:
Heidi Behforouz, MD, Medical & Executive Director, Prevention and Access to Care and Treatment Project (PACT) and Associate Physician in the Division of Global Health Equity at Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Lincoln Chen, MD, Chair of the Board, BRAC USA, President of the China Medical Board
Charlie Hough, Vice President & Global Head of Strategy, Corporate Responsibility, Novartis
Rebecca Weintraub, MD, Faculty Director, Global Health Delivery Project, Associate Physician in the Division of Social Medicine & Health Inequalities at Brigham and Women’s Hospital

12.3.2013
1 hr 34 mins
ILP Video

Panel: Health and Healthcare – Beyond the Hospital and Clinic (Panel Chairs: Professors Retsef Levi and Amy Glasmeier)

Amy Glasmeier
Professor of Geography and Regional Planning
MIT Department of Urban Studies and Planning
The Affordable Care Act is changing the landscape of health care provision within the existing system of care and with it the value propositions of major health care providers. Organizations within the health care market place are facing numerous options including staying the course given their chosen market segment, reshaping their strategy in response to new competitors with emergent organizational forms, while others are forming into network structures which support economies of scale and scope without the burden of new fixed assets. Factors shaping strategic options include economies of scale, barriers to entry and exit, the mandate to serve new client populations, a pre-existing regulatory structure, and a spatially explicit system of care constrained by distance between patient and provider. This panel engages industry participants in a conversation about value propositions and their meaning given this new era of care.

Moderator:
Professor Amy Glasmeier, Department of Urban Studies and Planning

Panelists:
Nancy Gagliano, Chief Medical Officer, MinuteClinic, CVS CareMark
Jennifer Jacobs, Vice President of Government Relations, Amerigroup
Myechia Minter-Jordan, President and CEO, The Dimock Center
Kevin Tabb, CEO and President Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

12.3.2013
9 mins
ILP Video

MIT Healthcare Ventures’ Process for Rapid Design, Data & Validation

Zen Chu
Senior Lecturer, MIT Sloan School of Management
Entrepreneur-In-Residence, Martin Trust Center for MIT Entrepreneurship

12.3.2013
9 mins
ILP Video

Introduction to Innovators Showcase (Session Chair: Janet Wilkinson)

Janet Wilkinson
Senior Lecturer
MIT Sloan School of Management
MIT students, faculty, researchers, and alumni will display their most innovative projects in health and healthcare during the lunch session. Each project will be displayed as a poster or at a table with product prototypes. All attendees have the opportunity to speak with presenters of these innovative projects. Projects may include a wide variety of topics including: healthcare delivery in low-resource settings; reducing wait times in an emergency department; modeling accountable care organizations (ACOs); software designed to manage family health costs and care; robotics in surgery; new devices for health care; organizational redesign models in hospitals and clinics; latest developments in electronic medical records (EMR) or healthcare information technology (HIT); Telemedicine; etc.

12.3.2013
20 mins
ILP Video

Closing Remarks – Boris D. Lushniak

Boris D. Lushniak
Acting US Surgeon General
US Public Health Service